Molecular studies of deletions at the human steroid sulfatase locus

L. J. Shapiro, P. Yen, D. Pomerantz, E. Martin, L. Rolewic, T. Mohandas

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    The human steroid sulfatase gene (STS) is located on the distal X chromosome short arm close to the pseudoautosomal region but in a segment of DNA that is unique to the X chromosome. In contrast to most X chromosome-encoded genes, STS expression is not extinguished during the process of X chromosome inactivation. Deficiency of STS (steryl-sulfatase; steryl-sulfate sulfohydrolase, EC activity produces the syndrome of X chromosome-linked ichthyosis, which is one of the most common inborn errors of metabolism in man. Approximately 90% of STS- individuals have large deletions at the STS locus. We and others have found that the end points of such deletions are heterogeneous in their location. One recently ascertained subject was observed to have a 40-kilobase deletion that is entirely intragenic, permitting the cloning and sequencing of the deletion junction. Studies of this patient and other X chromosome sequences in other subjects permit some insight into the mechanism(s) responsible for generating frequent deletions on the short arm of the X chromosome.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)8477-8481
    Number of pages5
    JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
    Issue number21
    StatePublished - 1989


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