Molecular modeling of neurokinin B and tachykinin NK3 Receptor Complex

Anjali D. Ganjiwale, Gita Subba Rao, Sudha M. Cowsik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

The tachykinin receptor NK3 is a member of the rhodopsin family of G-protein coupled receptors. The NK3 receptor has been regarded as an important drug target due to diverse physiological functions and its possible role in the pathophysiology of psychiatric disorders, including schizophrenia. The NK3 receptor is primarily activated by the tachykinin peptide hormone neurokinin B (NKB) which is the most potent natural agonist for the NK3 receptor. NKB has been reported to play a vital role in the normal human reproduction pathway and in potentially life threatening diseases such as pre-eclampsia and as a neuroprotective agent in the case of neurodegenerative diseases. Agonist binding to the receptor is a critical event in initiating signaling, and therefore a characterization of the structural features of the agonists can reveal the molecular basis of receptor activation and help in rational design of novel therapeutics. In this study a molecular model for the interaction of the primary ligand NKB with its G-protein coupled receptor NK3 has been developed. A three-dimensional model for the NK3 receptor has been generated by homology modeling using rhodopsin as a template. A knowledge based docking of the NMR derived bioactive conformation of NKB to the receptor has been performed utilizing limited ligand binding data obtained from photoaffinity labeling and site-directed mutagenesis studies. A molecular model for the NKB-NK3 receptor complex obtained sheds light on the topographical features of the binding pocket of the receptor and provides insight into the biochemical data currently available for the receptor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2932-2938
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Chemical Information and Modeling
Volume51
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 28 2011
Externally publishedYes

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