Immunological crossreactivity among nematodes has hampered development of specific serodiagnostic assays for lymphatic filariasis. In the present study, we report the molecular cloning and characterization of two filaria-specific recombinant clones (BmM5 and BmM14) with immunodiagnostic potential. BmM5 is a 505-bp cDNA which codes for a protein of 130 residues that ends with an endoplasmic reticulum targeting sequence. BmM14 is closely related to a recently reported clone (SXP-1), and it has 62% homology (deduced amino acid sequence) with a previously described Onchocerca volvulus clone, λRAL-2. Glutathione S-transferase fusion proteins of BmM5 and BmM14 were tested in various ELISA formats. The best results were obtained by measuring IgG4 antibodies to the fusion proteins. ELISA studies showed that approximately 90% of 111 sera from Indian and Egyptian patients with brugian and bancroftian filariasis were reactive with both antigens. Nonendemic sera as well as sera from patients with schistosomiasis or intestinal helminths were uniformly nonreactive. Assays based on BmM5 and BmM14 may be useful for large scale screening as an alternative to microfilaria or filarial antigen detection as a means of obtaining a rough index of filariasis endemicity in previously unstudied areas.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology|
|State||Published - Apr 1994|