Molecular characterization of a Brugia malayi intermediate filament protein which is an excretory-secretory product of adult worms

R. Chandrashekar, K. C. Curtis, B. W. Li, G. J. Weil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Filarial parasites release macromolecules into their environment both in vitro and in vivo. These excretory-secretory products (E-S) have been studied with respect to function, vaccination potential, pathogenicity, and ability to serve as antigen targets for diagnostic tests. We have recently described monoclonal antibody OV-1 which binds to an intermediate filament in E-S and circulating antigens of Onchocerca volvulus. OV-1 also binds to cross-reactive antigens of Brugia malayi. Therefore, OV-1 was used to immunoscreen a B. malayi adult worm cDNA library in an attempt to clone a homologue (BMIF). BMIF is a 1664-bp full-length transcript which codes for 505 amino acids. BMIF has 95% sequence homology at the amino-acid level to OV1CF, an O. volvulus intermediate filament that was also selected with OV-1, and 75% homology to Ascaris intermediate filament A. Southern blot analysis suggests that BMIF is confined to a single location in the genomic DNA of B. malayi. Antibodies raised to BMIF identified native antigens in immunoblots of B. malayi adult worms, infective larvae and adult E-S. In addition, the antibody also bound to a 60-kDa antigen in immunoblots of poly(ethylene glycol)-precipitated immune complexes in sera from B. malayi infected patients. Localization studies showed that the antigen encoded by BMIF is present in the hypodermis, developing embryos and muscle of adult B. malayi. These studies show that BMIF is an E-S product of B. malayi adult worms which is detectable in sera from patients with brugian filariasis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)231-239
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular and Biochemical Parasitology
Volume73
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1995

Keywords

  • Brugia malayi
  • Excretory-secretory antigen
  • Filariasis
  • Immune complex
  • Intermediate filament
  • Nematode

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