Molecular analysis of astrocytomas presenting after age 10 in individuals with NF1

David H. Gutmann, C. D. James, M. Poyhonen, D. N. Louis, R. Ferner, A. Guha, S. Hariharan, D. Viskochil, A. Perry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

63 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Fifteen to 20% of children with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) develop low-grade astrocytomas. Although brain tumors are less common in teenagers and adults with NF1, recent studies have suggested that patients with NF1 are at a significantly increased risk of developing astrocytomas. Objectives: To investigate the genetic basis for astrocytoma development in patients with NF1 beyond the first decade of life. Methods: The authors performed molecular genetic analyses of 10 NF1-associated astrocytomas representing all World Health Organization (WHO) malignancy grades using fluorescence in situ hybridization, loss of heterozygosity, immunohistochemistry, and direct sequencing. Results: Later-onset NF1-associated astrocytomas, unlike histologically identical sporadic astrocytomas, exhibit NF1 inactivation, supporting a direct association with NF1 rather than a chance occurrence. Furthermore, some of these astrocytomas have homozygous NF1 deletion. In addition, genetic changes observed in high-grade sporadic astrocytomas, including TP53 mutation and CDKN2A/p16 deletion, are also seen in NF1-associated high-grade astrocytomas. Conclusions: Neurofibromatosis type 1-associated astrocytomas occurring in patients older than 10 years exhibit genetic changes observed in sporadic high-grade astrocytomas. Patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 and germline NF1 deletions may be at risk for developing late-onset astrocytomas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1397-1400
Number of pages4
JournalNeurology
Volume61
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 25 2003

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    Gutmann, D. H., James, C. D., Poyhonen, M., Louis, D. N., Ferner, R., Guha, A., Hariharan, S., Viskochil, D., & Perry, A. (2003). Molecular analysis of astrocytomas presenting after age 10 in individuals with NF1. Neurology, 61(10), 1397-1400. https://doi.org/10.1212/WNL.61.10.1397