Molecular analysis of Arp2/3 complex activation in cells

Brian J. Galletta, Anders E. Carlsson, John A. Cooper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Many forms of cellular motility are driven by the growth of branched networks of actin filaments, which push against a membrane. In the dendritic nucleation model, Arp2/3 complex is critical, binding to the side of an existing mother filament, nucleating a new daughter filament, and thus creating a branch. Spatial and temporal regulation of Arp2/3 activity is critical for efficient generation of force and movement. A diverse collection of Arp2/3 regulatory proteins has been identified. They bind to and/or activate Arp2/3 complex via an acidic motif with a conserved tryptophan residue. We tested this model for Arp2/3 regulator function in vivo, by examining the roles of multiple Arp2/3 regulators in endocytosis in living yeast cells. We measured the molecular composition of the actin network in cells with mutations that removed the acidic motifs of the four Arp2/3 regulators previously shown to influence the proper function of the actin network. Unexpectedly, we did not find a simple or direct correlation between defects in patch assembly and movement and changes in the composition and dynamics of dendritic nucleation proteins. Taken together our data does not support the simple hypothesis that the primary role for Arp2/3 regulators is to recruit and activate Arp2/3. Rather our data suggests that these regulators may be playing more subtle roles in establishing functional networks in vivo.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2145-2156
Number of pages12
JournalBiophysical Journal
Volume103
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 21 2012

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