Mitral valve repair using edge-to-edge technique in various situations: Real-world experiences

Sameer A. Hirji, Fernando Ramirez Del Val, Farhang Yazdchi, Jiyae Lee, Julius Ejiofor, Ahmed A. Kolkailah, Ritam Chowdhury, Siobhan McGurk, Tsuyoshi Kaneko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Edge-to-edge (E2E) mitral valve repair (MVP) is a versatile technique used in various situations for mitral regurgitation (MR). This technique has been regaining attention, given the increasing use of the MitraClip procedure. This real-world study evaluates the durability of the E2E technique in different settings. METHODS: From January 2002 to May 2015, a total of 303 patients with at least moderate MR who underwent E2E MVP were identified. Patients undergoing isolated MVP (n = 133) and concomitant coronary artery bypass grafting or other valvular procedures (N = 170) were included. Cox proportional hazards modelling was used to evaluate the risk factors for cumulative survival, or MV event (i.e. MV reintervention or MR recurrence) while event-free survival - defined as time to composite outcome of either death or MV event - was determined using competing risk Kaplan-Meier analysis. Median follow-up duration was 6.9 (interquartile range 5.8) years. RESULTS: The most common MR aetiology was myxomatous (34%), followed by Barlow's disease (27.7%), and ischaemic (21.5%). E2E MVP was performed for the following indications: persistent MR (51.5%), systolic anterior motion prophylaxis (22.1%), transaortic approach (17.5%) and systolic anterior motion treatment post-MVP (8.9%). Concomitant ring annuloplasty was performed in 224 patients (73.9%). Operative mortality was 3.6% and MV event rate was 18.5%. Significant predictors of decreased survival included age, renal insufficiency, peripheral vascular disease and ischaemic MR aetiology (all P < 0.050). No ring annuloplasty (HR 2.79; P < 0.001) was the only significant predictor of MV events. Estimated event-free survival for the overall cohort was 8.5 years, and shortest for functional (non-ischaemic; 6.6 years) and ischaemic aetiology (5.5 years). CONCLUSIONS: E2E repair is a versatile MVP technique, which can be used in prevention and treatment of systolic anterior motion, transaortic approach or with concomitant techniques, with reasonable outcomes. Ischaemic aetiology and absence of ring annuloplasty were associated with worse cumulative survival and MV event rates, respectively, which raises some concern in light of the expanding indication for MitraClip system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1110-1116
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Volume56
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2019

Keywords

  • Edge-to-edge repair
  • Mitral valve repair
  • Ring annuloplasty

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Mitral valve repair using edge-to-edge technique in various situations: Real-world experiences'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this