Mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 1/2 inhibitors and 17-allylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin synergize to kill human gastrointestinal tumor cells in vitro via suppression of c-FLIP-s levels and activation of CD95

Margaret A. Park, Guo Zhang, Clint Mitchell, Mohamed Rahmani, Hossein Hamed, Michael P. Hagan, Adly Yacoub, David T. Curiel, Paul B. Fisher, Steven Grant, Paul Dent

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Prior studies have noted that inhibitors of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) kinase 1/2 (MEK1/2) enhanced geldanamycin lethality in malignant hematopoietic cells by promoting mitochondrial dysfunction. The present studies focused on defining the mechanism(s) by which these agents altered survival in carcinoma cells. MEK1/2 inhibitors [PD184352; AZD6244 (ARRY-142886)] interacted in a synergistic manner with geldanamycins [17-allylamino-17- demethoxygeldanamycin (17AAG) and 17-dimethylaminoethylamino-17-demethoxy- geldanamycin] to kill hepatoma and pancreatic carcinoma cells that correlated with inactivation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 and AKT and with activation of p38 MAPK; p38 MAPK activation was reactive oxygen species dependent. Treatment of cells with MEK1/2 inhibitors and 17AAG reduced expression of c-FLIP-s that was mechanistically connected to loss of MEK1/2 and AKT function; inhibition of caspase-8 or overexpression of c-FLIP-s abolished cell killing by MEK1/2 inhibitors and 17AAG. Treatment of cells with MEK1/2 inhibitors and 17AAG caused a p38 MAPK-dependent plasma membrane clustering of CD95 without altering the levels or cleavage of FAS ligand. In parallel, treatment of cells with MEK1/2 inhibitors and 17AAG caused a p38 MAPK-dependent association of caspase-8 with CD95. Inhibition of p38 MAPK or knockdown of BID, FAS-associated death domain, or CD95 expression suppressed MEK1/2 inhibitor and 17AAG lethality. Similar correlative data were obtained using a xenograft flank tumor model system. Our data show that treatment of tumor cells with MEK1/2 inhibitors and 17AAG induces activation of the extrinsic pathway and that suppression of c-FLIP-s expression is crucial in transduction of the apoptotic signal from CD95 to promote cell death.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2633-2648
Number of pages16
JournalMolecular Cancer Therapeutics
Volume7
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 2008

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