Mitochondria Clumping vs. Mitochondria Fusion in CMT2A Diseases

Antonietta Franco, Caroline E. Walton, Xiawei Dang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Phenotypic variations in Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 2A (CMT2A) result from the many mutations in the mitochondrial fusion protein, mitofusin 2 (MFN2). While the GTPase domain mutations of MFN2 lack the ability to hydrolyze GTP and complete mitochondrial fusion, the mechanism of dysfunction in HR1 domain mutations has yet to be explored. Using Mfn1/Mfn2 double null cells and Mfn2 knock out (KO) fibroblasts, we measured the ability of this variant protein to change conformations and hydrolyze GTP. We found that a mutation in the HR1 domain (M376A) of MFN2 results in conformational change dysfunction while maintaining GTPase ability. Prolonged exposure to mitofusin agonist MiM 111 reverses mitochondrial fusion dysfunction in the HR1 mutant through encouraging an open conformation, resulting in a potential therapeutic model in this variant. Herein, we describe a novel mechanism of dysfunction in MFN2 variants through exploring domain-specific mitochondrial characteristics leading to CMT2A.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2110
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2022


  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 2A
  • mitochondria fitness
  • mitochondria fusion defects
  • mitofusin 2


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