Missed injuries and unplanned readmissions in pediatric trauma patients

Pamela M. Choi, Jennifer Yu, Martin S. Keller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background We sought to determine the incidence and characteristics of missed injuries and unplanned readmissions at a Level-1 pediatric trauma center. Methods We conducted a retrospective review of all trauma patients who presented to our ACS-verified Level-1 pediatric trauma center from 2009 to 2014. Results Overall, there were 27 readmissions and 27 missed injuries (0.38%). Patients who were unplanned readmissions had a greater Injury Severity Score (ISS) (8.6 vs 5.2, p = 0.03), had longer hospitalizations (4.9 vs 2.5 days, p = 0.02), and were more likely to have required operative intervention (51.9% vs 32.3%, p = 0.04). Similarly, patients identified with missed injuries had a higher ISS (15.2 vs 5.2, p < 0.0001), greater length of stay (12.7 vs 2.5 days, p < 0.0001), and were also more likely to be intubated (25.9% vs 3.6%, p < 0.0001) or require critical care (48.1% vs 10.3%, p < 0.0001). Seven missed injuries were in patients who were deemed nonaccidental trauma (25.9%) and significantly altered their hospital course while 10 patients (37%) required operative intervention. On multivariate analysis, only ISS was found to be an independent risk factor for readmissions and missed injuries. Conclusions Missed injuries and unplanned readmissions were rare occurrences among our pediatric patient population. These events, however, did result in longer hospitalizations and additional procedures. Patients with multisystem injuries and compromised physical exam are at higher risk. Level of Evidence: IV.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)382-385
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Pediatric Surgery
Volume52
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017

Keywords

  • Missed injuries
  • Pediatric trauma
  • Readmission

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