Minimal differentiation of classical monocytes as they survey steady-state tissues and transport antigen to lymph nodes

Claudia Jakubzick, Emmanuel L. Gautier, Sophie L. Gibbings, Dorothy K. Sojka, Andreas Schlitzer, Theodore E. Johnson, Stoyan Ivanov, Qiaonan Duan, Shashi Bala, Tracy Condon, Nico vanRooijen, John R. Grainger, Yasmine Belkaid, Avi Ma'ayan, David W.H. Riches, Wayne M. Yokoyama, Florent Ginhoux, Peter M. Henson, Gwendalyn J. Randolph

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

470 Scopus citations

Abstract

It is thought that monocytes rapidly differentiate to macrophages or dendritic cells (DCs) upon leaving blood. Here we have shown that Ly-6C+ monocytes constitutively trafficked into skin, lung, and lymph nodes (LNs). Entry was unaffected in gnotobiotic mice. Monocytes in resting lung and LN had similar gene expression profiles to blood monocytes but elevated transcripts of a limited number of genes including cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX-2) and major histocompatibility complex class II (MHCII), induced by monocyte interaction with endothelium. Parabiosis, bromodoxyuridine (BrdU) pulse-chase analysis, and intranasal instillation of tracers indicated that instead of contributing to resident macrophages in the lung, recruited endogenous monocytes acquired antigen for carriage to draining LNs, a function redundant with DCs though differentiation to DCs did not occur. Thus, monocytes can enter steady-state nonlymphoid organs and recirculate to LNs without differentiation to macrophages or DCs, revising a long-held view that monocytes become tissue-resident macrophages by default.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)599-610
Number of pages12
JournalImmunity
Volume39
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 19 2013

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