Minimal Clinically Important Difference (MCID) at One Year Postoperatively in Aseptic Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty

Ilya Bendich, Thomas D. Tarity, Kyle Alpaugh, Stephen Lyman, Peter K. Sculco, Alexander S. McLawhorn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Outcomes after aseptic revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) are variable, and it is unknown whether the indication for aseptic revision THA influences postoperative clinical improvement. The minimal clinically important difference (MCID) assesses if changes in patient-reported outcome measure result in meaningful clinical benefit to patients. The purpose of this study was to quantify the 1-year postoperative MCID for aseptic revision THA and to assess the percentage of patients achieving the MCID for each revision diagnosis. Methods: A prospective, single-institution registry of revision total joint arthroplasties was used. Retrospective review of 413 first-time aseptic revision THAs was performed. Demographics, revision diagnosis, preoperative Hip Disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score, Joint Replacement (HOOS Jr.), and 1-year postoperative HOOS Jr. were recorded. The MCID for the HOOS Jr. at one year postoperatively was calculated for each revision diagnosis using a distribution-based method. The percentage of patients exceeding the MCID with each diagnosis was determined. Results: There were 9 aseptic revision diagnoses, all with n ≥ 5. The 3 most common revision diagnosis were aseptic loosening (n = 114), dislocation or instability (n = 103), and polyethylene wear or osteolysis (n = 73). The MCID for all the aseptic revision THAs was 10.9. Seven of the nine revision diagnoses achieved the MCID. The highest percentage of patients achieving the MCID was for aseptic loosening (84.2%) and implant fracture (81.3%), whereas lowest was for adverse local tissue reaction (35.3%) and implant recall (20.0%). Conclusion: The one-year revision THA MCID is 10.9 for the HOOS Jr. There is variability in the percentage of patients achieving the MCID based on diagnosis. Our data can be used to counsel patients undergoing revision THA for noninfectious etiologies.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Arthroplasty
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • aseptic loosening
  • dislocation
  • outcomes
  • patient-reported outcome (PROM)
  • revision hip arthroplasty

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