Mid-Term Outcomes of Combined Hip Arthroscopy and Limited Open Capsular Plication in the Non-Dysplastic Hip

Jeffrey J. Nepple, Chetan Ambastha, Wahid Abu-Amer, John C. Clohisy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Hip microinstability remains poorly-defined but increasingly diagnosed in the setting of borderline dysplasia (LCEA 20-25°), soft tissue laxity, or following unrepaired arthroscopic capsulotomy. While hip microinstability is com-monly treated with arthroscopic capsular plication with short-term outcomes reported, this procedure has been performed open for some time. The purpose of current study was to assess the durability of outcomes of combined arthroscopy and open capsular plication in treating symptomatic hip microinstability at mid-term follow-up. Methods: We retrospectively identified hips that underwent combined hip arthroscopy and open capsular plication for symptomatic microinstability between 2008 and 2013. Hips with excessive femoral anteversion (femoral version >35°) or classic acetabular dysplasia (LCEA <20°) were treated with bony reorientation and were not included in the current study. Patient reported outcomes scores were collected preoperatively and at a minimum five year follow-up. Hips that required reoperation or did not meet criteria for minimally clinically important difference (MCID, ≥8 increase in mHHS) or patient acceptable symptom scores (PASS, mHHS) were considered failures. Results: A total of 27 hips met criteria for inclusion and follow-up was obtained for 22 hips (81.5%) at a mean of 7.1 years. All patients were female with a mean age of 25.9 years and 7 (32%) hips had previous surgery. Patients undergoing the combined procedure improved from a mean baseline mHHS of 55.3±13 to a mean follow-up mHHS of 74.5±20.9 (p<0.001). At midterm follow-up, 54.5% of hips met criteria for PASS and 68.2% of hips met criteria for MCID, with 72.7% of hips meeting criteria for either MCID or PASS. Overall, 10 hips (45%) were considered failures with 6 hips (27%) requiring reoperation and an additional 4 hips (18%) with clinical failure. Hips without previous surgery had a failure rate of 33.3% (5/15) while 71.4% (5/7) of those with previous surgery failed (P=.09). Conclusion: Our study demonstrates a high (45%) rate of reoperations and persistent symptoms in hips with microinstability treated with combined arthroscopy and open capsular plication. Further mid- and long-term studies evaluating soft tissue plication are needed, as well as comparisons with bony procedures in the setting of microinstability are needed.Level of Evidence: III.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)133-139
Number of pages7
JournalThe Iowa orthopaedic journal
Volume41
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2021

Keywords

  • capsular plication
  • hip
  • microinstability

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