MicroRNA-155 tunes both the threshold and extent of NK cell activation via targeting of multiple signaling pathways

Ryan P. Sullivan, Leslie A. Fogel, Jeffrey W. Leong, Stephanie E. Schneider, Rachel Wong, Rizwan Romee, To Ha Thai, Veronika Sexl, Scot J. Matkovich, Gerald W. Dorn, Anthony R. French, Todd A. Fehniger

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37 Scopus citations

Abstract

NK cells are innate lymphocytes important for host defense against viral infections and malignancy. However, the molecular programs orchestrating NK cell activation are incompletely understood. MicroRNA-155 (miR-155) is markedly upregulated following cytokine activation of human and mouse NK cells. Surprisingly, mature human and mouse NK cells transduced to overexpress miR-155, NK cells from mice with NK cell-specific miR-155 overexpression, and miR-155-/- NK cells all secreted more IFN-γ compared with controls. Investigating further, we found that activated NK cells with miR-155 overexpression had increased per-cell IFN-γ with normal IFN-γ+ percentages, whereas greater percentages of miR-155 -/- NK cells were IFN-γ+. In vivo murine CMV-induced IFN-γ expression by NK cells in these miR-155 models recapitulated the in vitro phenotypes. We performed unbiased RNA-induced silencing complex sequencing on wild-type and miR-155-/- NK cells and found that mRNAs targeted by miR-155 were enriched in NK cell activation signaling pathways. Using specific inhibitors, we confirmed these pathways were mechanistically involved in regulating IFN-γ production by miR-155-/- NK cells. These data indicate that miR-155 regulation of NK cell activation is complex and that miR-155 functions as a dynamic tuner for NK cell activation via both setting the activation threshold as well as controlling the extent of activation in mature NK cells. In summary, miR-155-/- NK cells are more easily activated, through increased expression of proteins in the PI3K, NF-κB, and calcineurin pathways, and miR-155-/- and 155-overexpressing NK cells exhibit increased IFN-γ production through distinct cellular mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5904-5913
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume191
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 15 2013

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    Sullivan, R. P., Fogel, L. A., Leong, J. W., Schneider, S. E., Wong, R., Romee, R., Thai, T. H., Sexl, V., Matkovich, S. J., Dorn, G. W., French, A. R., & Fehniger, T. A. (2013). MicroRNA-155 tunes both the threshold and extent of NK cell activation via targeting of multiple signaling pathways. Journal of Immunology, 191(12), 5904-5913. https://doi.org/10.4049/jimmunol.1301950