Microbiota reconstitution does not cause bone loss in germ-free mice

Darin Quach, Fraser Collins, Narayanan Parameswaran, Laura McCabe, Robert A. Britton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

Annually, an estimated 2 million osteoporotic fractures occur in the United States alone. Osteoporosis imparts a great burden on the health care system. The identification of novel regulators of bone health is critical for developing more effective therapeutics. A previous study on the colonization of germ-free (GF) mice with a microbial community has demonstrated that bacterial colonization dramatically increases bone loss. We therefore investigated the impact of multiple microbial communities in different mice to understand how generalizable the impact of bacterial colonization is on bone health. To investigate the impact of different microbial communities on bone health in outbred and inbred mouse strains, gavage was performed on GF Swiss Webster and GF C57BL/6 mice to introduce distinct microbiotas that originated from either humans or mice. GF mice displayed a high degree of colonization, as indicated by more than 90% of the operational taxonomic units present in the starting inoculum being successfully colonized in the mice when they were examined at the end of the experiment. In spite of the successful colonization of GF mice with gut microbiota of either mouse or human origin, bone mass did not change significantly in any of the groups tested. Furthermore, static and dynamic bone parameters and osteoclast precursor and T cell populations, as well as the expression of several inflammatory markers, were mostly unchanged following microbial colonization of GF mice.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere00545-17
JournalmSphere
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

Keywords

  • Bone
  • Microbiome
  • Microbiota
  • Osteoporosis

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