Methods to model and predict the ViewRay treatment deliveries to aid patient scheduling and treatment planning

Shi Liu, Yu Wu, H. Omar Wooten, Olga Green, Brent Archer, Harold Li, Deshan Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


A software tool is developed, given a new treatment plan, to predict treatment delivery time for radiation therapy (RT) treatments of patients on ViewRay magnetic resonance image-guided radiation therapy (MR-IGRT) delivery system. This tool is necessary for managing patient treatment scheduling in our clinic. The predicted treatment delivery time and the assessment of plan complexities could also be useful to aid treatment planning. A patient's total treatment delivery time, not including time required for localization, is modeled as the sum of four components: 1) the treatment initialization time; 2) the total beam-on time; 3) the gantry rotation time; and 4) the multileaf collimator (MLC) motion time. Each of the four components is predicted separately. The total beam-on time can be calculated using both the planned beam-on time and the decay-corrected dose rate. To predict the remain-ing components, we retrospectively analyzed the patient treatment delivery record files. The initialization time is demonstrated to be random since it depends on the final gantry angle of the previous treatment. Based on modeling the relationships between the gantry rotation angles and the corresponding rotation time, linear regression is applied to predict the gantry rotation time. The MLC motion time is calculated using the leaves delay modeling method and the leaf motion speed. A quantitative analysis was performed to understand the correlation between the total treatment time and the plan complexity. The proposed algorithm is able to predict the ViewRay treatment delivery time with the average prediction error 0.22 min or 1.82%, and the maximal prediction error 0.89 min or 7.88%. The analysis has shown the correlation between the plan modulation (PM) factor and the total treatment delivery time, as well as the treatment delivery duty cycle. A possibility has been identified to significantly reduce MLC motion time by optimizing the positions of closed MLC pairs. The accuracy of the proposed prediction algorithm is sufficient to support patient treatment appointment scheduling. This developed software tool is currently applied in use on a daily basis in our clinic, and could also be used as an important indicator for treatment plan complexity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)50-62
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of applied clinical medical physics
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2016


  • Plan complexity
  • Statistical analysis
  • Treatment delivery time
  • ViewRay


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