Method and Atlas to Enable Targeting for Cardiac Radioablation Employing the American Heart Association Segmented Model

Jeremy Brownstein, Muhammad Afzal, Toshimasa Okabe, Thura T. Harfi, Matthew S. Tong, Evan Thomas, Geoffrey Hugo, Phillip Cuculich, Cliff Robinson, Terence M. Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Purpose: Cardiac radioablation using stereotactic body radiation therapy is gaining popularity as a noninvasive treatment for otherwise refractory ventricular arrhythmias. As radiation oncologists might be unaccustomed to the lexicon used by cardiologists to describe the location of arrhythmogenic foci, a preliminary guide to cardiac-specific anatomy and orientation is needed to foster effective communication between the radiation oncologist and cardiology team. Methods and Materials: Electrocardiogram-gated and respiratory-gated computed tomography imaging was acquired per institutional protocol. Additional relevant imaging modalities are described. The American Heart Association 17-segment model is described in detail because this framework is used frequently by cardiologists to describe the location left ventricular abnormalities. Results: A step-by-step guide is provided for properly rotating the heart from standard orthogonal views obtained during radiation simulation to the cardiac-specific orientation needed to appreciate the 17-segment model. Once the proper configuration is achieved, the location of each segment is defined in detail. Conclusions: This atlas serves as an introduction to the relevant anatomy and principles, and it provides a suggested approach to help delineate cardiac radioablation targets using the established American Heart Association 17-segment model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)178-185
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Sep 1 2021


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