Familial hypobetalipoproteinemia (FHBL) exists in three forms: a) FHBL genetically linked to truncated forms of apolipoprotein B (apoB); b) FHBL linked to the apoB gene but with no apoB truncations; and c) FHBL not linked to the apoB gene. Mean production rate (PR) of apoB-100 in FHBL subjects heterozygous for apoB truncations is ~30% of normal. In a 49-member D- kindred (FHBL phenotype defined as apoB <40 mg/dl), no apoB truncations were detactable either by immunoblotting of plasma or by sequencing of relevant stretches of the apoB gene. Herein we report on the kinetic parameters of apoB-100-containing lipoproteins in four affected members of the D-kindred, and compare their kinetic values to 14 normal subjects, and 8 previously reported FHBL subjects heterozygous for various truncated forms of apoB. After an 8-h primed intravenous infusion of [13C]-leucine, enrichments of apoB-100 were assessed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and kinetic parameters were calculated by multicompartmental modeling. The affected members of the D-kindred had similar very low, intermediate, and low density lipoprotein (VLDL, IDL, and LDL) PRs as normal controls, but their fractional catabolic rates (FCR) for VLDL and LDL were ~2 and 3 times higher, respectively, than those of normals. By contrast in apoB truncation subjects, apoB-100 PRs were uniformly reduced, while apoB-100 FCRs were similar to normals. Thus, diverse physiologic mechanisms are responsible for the low apoB levels in these two different, genetically determined forms of FHBL.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of lipid research|
|State||Published - Mar 1 1997|