Metabolic tumor volume predicts outcome in patients with advanced stage follicular lymphoma from the RELEVANCE trial

A. S. Cottereau, L. Rebaud, J. Trotman, P. Feugier, L. J. Nastoupil, E. Bachy, I. W. Flinn, C. Haioun, L. Ysebaert, N. L. Bartlett, H. Tilly, O. Casasnovas, R. Ricci, C. Portugues, I. Buvat, M. Meignan, F. Morschhauser

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3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: We investigated the prognostic value of baseline positron emission tomography (PET) parameters for patients with treatment-naïve follicular lymphoma (FL) in the phase III RELEVANCE trial, comparing the immunomodulatory combination of lenalidomide and rituximab (R2) versus R-chemotherapy (R-chemo), with both regimens followed by R maintenance therapy. Patients and methods: Baseline characteristics of the entire PET-evaluable population (n = 406/1032) were well balanced between treatment arms. The maximal standard uptake value (SUVmax) and the standardized maximal distance between tow lesions (SDmax) were extracted, the standardized distance between two lesions the furthest apart, were extracted. The total metabolic tumor volume (TMTV) was computed using the 41% SUVmax method. Results: With a median follow-up of 6.5 years, the 6-year progression-free survival (PFS) was 57.8%, the median TMTV was 284 cm3, SUVmax was 11.3 and SDmax was 0.32 m−1, with no significant difference between arms. High TMTV (>510 cm3) and FLIPI were associated with an inferior PFS (P = 0.013 and P = 0.006, respectively), whereas SUVmax and SDmax were not (P = 0.08 and P = 0.12, respectively). In multivariable analysis, follicular lymphoma international prognostic index (FLIPI) and TMTV remained significantly associated with PFS (P = 0.0119 and P = 0.0379, respectively). These two adverse factors combined stratified the overall population into three risk groups: patients with no risk factors (40%), with one factor (44%), or with both (16%), with a 6-year PFS of 67.7%, 54.5%, and 41.0%, respectively. No significant interaction between treatment arms and TMTV or FLIPI (P = 0.31 or P = 0.59, respectively) was observed. The high-risk group (high TMTV and FLIPI 3-5) had a similar PFS in both arms (P = 0.45) with a median PFS of 68.4% in the R-chemo arm versus 71.4% in the R2 arm. Conclusions: Baseline TMTV is predictive of PFS, independently of FLIPI, in patients with advanced FL even in the context of antibody maintenance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)130-137
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of Oncology
Volume35
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2024

Keywords

  • PET/CT
  • follicular lymphoma
  • maintenance therapy
  • metabolic tumor volume
  • prognostication

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