Metabolic syndrome is associated with abnormal left ventricular diastolic function independent of left ventricular mass

Lisa De Las Fuentes, Angela L. Brown, Santhosh J. Mathews, Alan D. Waggoner, Pablo F. Soto, Robert J. Gropler, Víctor G. Dávila-Román

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

135 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aim: To characterize the extent to which metabolic syndrome criteria predict left ventricular (LV) structure and function. Methods and results: Metabolic syndrome criteria were assessed in 607 adults with normal LV function. The cohort was grouped according to the number of criteria satisfied: (1) Absent (0 criteria, n = 110); (2) Pre-Metabolic Syndrome (1-2 criteria, n = 311); and (3) Metabolic Syndrome (≥3 criteria, n = 186). Echocardiography was used to assess LV structure (LV mass) and systolic (LVEF, Vs) and diastolic function, by pulse-wave Doppler (E/A ratio) and tissue Doppler imaging (Ve). LV volumes and LVEF were similar between groups. However, LV mass increased significantly and progressively (LVM/Ht2.7, in g/m2.7: 34.9 ± 6.7, 41.0 ± 9.5, 46.3 ± 11.0, P < 0.001); LV relaxation decreased progressively (Veglobal′, in cm/s: 13.5 ± 2.8, 12.1 ± 3.0, 10.5 ± 2.2, P < 0.001) from Absent to Pre-Metabolic Syndrome to Metabolic Syndrome groups, respectively. Multiple variable analyses showed that diastolic blood pressure, waist circumference, and triglyceride levels were independent predictors of Ve after adjustment for LV mass. Conclusion: Patients with metabolic syndrome have LV diastolic dysfunction independent of LV mass. These functional abnormalities may partially explain the increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality associated with metabolic syndrome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)553-559
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean heart journal
Volume28
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2007

Keywords

  • Diastolic function
  • Echocardiography
  • Hypertension
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Obesity
  • Tissue doppler imaging

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