Myocardial recovery during reperfusion following ischemia is critical to patient survival in a broad spectrum of clinical settings. Myocardial functional recovery following ischemia correlates well with recovery of myocardial adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Adenosine triphosphate recovery is uniformly incomplete during reperfusion following moderate ischemic injury and is therefore subject to manipulation by metabolic intervention. By definition ATP recovery is limited either by (1) energy availability and application in the phosphorylation of adenosine monophosphate (AMP) to ATP or (2) availability of AMP for this conversion. Experimental data suggest that substrate energy and the mechanisms required for its application in the creation of high energy phosphate bonds (AMP conversion to ATP) are more than adequate during reperfusion following moderate ischemic injury. Adenosine monophosphate availability, however, is inadequate following ischemia due to loss of diffusable adenine nucleotide purine metabolites. These purine precursors are necessary to fuel adenine nucleotide salvage pathways. Metabolic interventions that enhance AMP recovery rather than those that improve substrate energy availability during reperfusion are therefore recommended. The mechanisms of various metabolic interventions are discussed in this framework along with the rationale for or against their clinical application.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Annals of surgery|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1984|