Purpose: To assess if interval changes in metabolic status in normal cerebral tissue after radiation therapy (RT) can be detected by 2D CSI (chemical shift imaging) proton spectroscopy. Materials and Methods: Eleven patients with primary brain tumors undergoing cranial radiation therapy (RT) were included. 2D-CSI MRS was performed before, during, and after the course of RT with the following parameters: TE/TR 144/1500 ms, field of view (FOV) 24, thickness 10 mm, matrix 16 × 16. The metabolic ratios choline/creatine (Cho/Cr), N-acetylaspartate (NAA)/Cr, and NAA/Cho in normal brain tissue were calculated. Results: NAA/Cr and Cho/Cr were significantly decreased at week 3 during RT and at 1 month and 6 months after RT compared to values prior to RT (P < 0.01). The NAA/Cr ratio decreased by -0.19 ± 0.05 (mean ± standard error [SE]) at week 3 of RT, -0.14 ± 0.06 at the last week of RT, -0.14 ± 0.05 at 1 month after RT, and -0.30 ± 0.08 at 6 months after RT compared to the pre-RT value of 1.43 ± 0.04. The Cho/Cr ratio decreased by -0.27 ± 0.05 at week 3 of RT, - 0.11 ± 0.05 at the last week of RT, -0.26 ± 0.05 at 1 month after RT and -0.25 ± 0.07 at 6 months after RT from the pre-RT value of 1.29 ±± 0.03. Changes in Cho/Cr were correlated with the interaction of the radiation dose and dose-volume at week 3 of RT, during the last week of RT (P < 0.005), and at 1 month after RT (P = 0.017).
- Magnetic resonance spectroscopy
- Normal brain