Background: Metastatic atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumors (AT/RTs) are aggressive central nervous system tumors that present during infancy and are associated with dismal outcomes. Patients receive multimodal treatment including surgical resection, systemic chemotherapy, and one or more of intrathecal chemotherapy (IT), marrow-ablative chemotherapy with autologous hematopoietic cell rescue (AuHCR) and radiation therapy (XRT). While data regarding treatment modalities for AT/RT patients exist, no comprehensive data have been published regarding the metastatic patients. Methods: We performed a meta-analysis of 1578 articles published through September 2018, including 44 studies with a total of 123 subjects. In addition, seven patients were included through chart review of patients treated at Nationwide Children's Hospital. Results: Analysis of 130 patients revealed a 3-year overall survival (OS) of 25%. Age at diagnosis had a significant effect on survival (P = 0.0355); 3-year OS for infants less than 18 months was 21%, 18 to 36 months was 26%, and greater than 36 months was 36%. Location of the primary tumor, metastatic stage, and extent of surgical resection did not have a significant impact on OS. On univariate analysis, XRT (P < 0.0001), IT (P = 0.01), and AuHCR (P < 0.0001) were found to significantly improve survival. The most substantial effect was noted in patients who received AuHCR (3-year OS of 60% vs 9% in those who did not). On multivariable analysis, XRT (P = 0.0006), IT (P = 0.0124), and AuHCR (P < 0.0001) were independently associated with reduced risk of death. Conclusions: Although more research is warranted to make generalizable conclusions, these results suggest that treatment regimens for patients with metastatic AT/RTs should include AuHCR, XRT, and IT.
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - Jul 2020|
- Atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumor
- Brain neoplasm
- Rhabdoid tumors