Meta-analysis of genome-wide scans for blood pressure in African American and Nigerian samples: The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute GeneLink Project

Treva Rice, Richard S. Cooper, Xiaodong Wu, Claude Bouchard, Tuomo Rankinen, D. C. Rao, Cashell E. Jaquish, Richard R. Fabsitz, Michael A. Province

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: In many genetic studies of complex traits, sample sizes are often too small to detect linkages of low-to-moderate effects. However, the combined linkage evidence across several studies can be synthesized using meta-analysis with the aim of providing more definitive support of linkage. Methods: In the current study using the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) GeneLink Project, a meta-analysis based on a modification of Fisher's method of pooling P values was used to investigate linkage for systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) values across three studies involving African American and Nigerian families (HyperGEN, Health, Risk Factors, Exercise Training and Genetics [HERITAGE], and Genetics of Hypertension in Blacks). Results: The meta results suggest two regions (2p and 7p) provide enhanced linkage evidence compared with the individual study results. The maximal meta Lod score of 2.9 on 2p14-p13.1 (64-78 cM) represented ∼1-Lod unit increase over the respective individual study scores. This general region has been implicated previously involving primarily families of white ethnicity and provides confirmatory evidence that this QTL is common across ethnic groups. The second finding at 7p21.3-p15.3 (8-25 cM) provided a meta Lod of 3.5. Although region was implicated primarily in the Nigerian subjects the low-level but consistent support involving the African American families (individual Lod score of 1.0) suggests a novel QTL with respect to BP variation in individuals of black ethnicity. Conclusions: Follow-up studies involving positional cloning efforts of the combined families showing linkage evidence in these regions (particularly 2p) may be warranted to verify these findings and identify the genes and causative variants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)270-274
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Hypertension
Volume19
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2006

Keywords

  • 2p14-2p13.1
  • 7p21.1-7p15.3
  • African American
  • Hypertension
  • Linkage

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