Meningothelial hyperplasia is a poorly characterized entity, often associated with advanced age, chronic renal failure, trauma, hemorrhage, and neoplasia. In order to elucidate the nature of this lesion, 11 cases defined by the presence of nests of 10 or more cell layers thick, were compared with normal arachnoidal cap cells and meningiomas. Immunohistochemistry and FISH were performed to determine NF2 (merlin), protein 4.1B, EMA, progesterone receptor (PR), EGFR, survivin, VEGF, PDGF-BB, PDGFR-β, E-cadherin, and cathepsin D status. All cases had si least one putative predisposing factor, including hemorrhage (7), chronic renal disease (5), old age (5), trauma (1), and an adjacent optic nerve pilocytic astrocytoma (1). There was typically a discontinuous growth pattern, with no invasion of surrounding normal tissue. No gene deletions were found, though scattered polyploid cells were seen in 2 cases. The immunoprofile was similar to normal cap cells with one exception; whereas normal cells were uniformly negative for PR, nuclear positivity was seen in 64% of hyperplasias, a frequency similar to that of benign meningiomas. Our data suggest that meningothelial hyperplasia is a reactive process that is usually distinguishable from meningioma based on clinkopathologic and genetic features. It may be preneoplastic in some, though further studies are needed to test this hypothesis.
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - Apr 2005|