Membrane-induced structure of scyliorhinin I: A dual NK1/NK2 agonist

Anjali Dike, Sudha M. Cowsik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Scyliorhinin I, a linear decapeptide, is the only known tachykinin that shows high affinity for both NK-1 and NK-2 binding sites and low affinity for NK-3 binding sites. As a first step to understand the structure-activity relationship, we report the membrane-induced structure of scyliorhinin I with the aid of circular dichroism and 2D-1H NMR spectroscopy. Sequence specific resonance assignments of protons have been made from correlation spectroscopy (TOCSY, DQF-COSY) and NOESY spectroscopy. The interproton distance constraints and dihedral angle constraints have been utilized to generate a family of structures using DYANA. The superimposition of 20 final structures has been reported with backbone pairwise root mean-square deviation of 0.38 ± 0.19 Å. The results show that scyliorhinin I exists in a random coil state in aqueous environments, whereas helical conformation is induced toward the C-terminal region of the peptide (D4-M10) in the presence of dodecyl phosphocholine micelles. Analysis of NMR data is suggestive of the presence of a 310-helix that is in equilibrium with an α-helix in this region from residue 4 to 10. An extended highly flexible N-terminus of scyliorhinin I displays some degree of order and a possible turn structure. Observed conformational features have been compared with respect to that of substance P and neurokinin A, which are endogenous agonists of NK-1 and NK-2 receptors, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3592-3600
Number of pages9
JournalBiophysical Journal
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2005


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