An RFLP was found in the DNA of 25 unrelated persons, two families, and five cell lines that correlated with their membrane cofactor protein phenotype. If restricted with HindIII, DNA derived from upper band predominant protein (U) phenotypes had a band at 2 kb, whereas DNA of lower band predominant (L) phenotypes had a 4-kb band. The equal band protein phenotype, in which equal quantities of the two species are expressed, had bands at both 4 and 2 kb. The polymorphic HindIII site was localized to an intron within the membrane cofactor protein gene between exon 1 (codes for 5'UT/signal peptide) and exon 2 (codes for the first short consensus repeat). Using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR), sequences around this site were amplified and a single band of 260 bp was produced. In the U phenotype, the PCR product was restricted with HindIII into 200- and 60-bp fragments. In the L phenotype, there was no change in the size of 260 bp upon restriction with HindIII. For the equal band protein phenotype, the PCR product was partially cleaved. The 260-bp PCR product was subcloned and sequenced. DNA from the U phenotype demonstrated an intact HindIII site (AAGCTT), whereas in the DNA of the L phenotype, this site was altered because a 'G' was substituted for a 'C' (AAGGTT).
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1991|