Medications to Aid Smoking Cessation

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Smoking cessation is a difficult process; physicians can help patients by providing brief counseling and by recommending the use of pharmacotherapies. Nicotine replacement therapy is available in 5 forms: gum, patch, inhaler, nasal spray, and lozenge. Nicotine replacement therapy is safe to use in most patients-including those with coronary artery disease-and, if used correctly, can approximately double the proportion of patients who achieve abstinence. The antidepressants nortriptyline and sustained-release bupropion will also nearly double the quit rate. Some patients may benefit from combination therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)507-516
Number of pages10
JournalAdvanced Studies in Medicine
Issue number9
StatePublished - Oct 2003


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