Surgical options for advanced Kienböck’s disease include proximal row carpectomy or lunate reconstruction with a medial femoral trochlea osteochondral flap. This study compares morphology of the proximal capitate and the medial femoral trochlear surfaces to the proximal lunate using three-dimensional geometric morphometric analysis. Virtual articular surfaces were extracted from MRI studies of ten healthy volunteers. Distances between corresponding points on the proximal lunate and proximal capitate or medial femoral trochlear surfaces were measured. In seven subjects, mean inter-surface distance for the medial femoral trochlea–proximal lunate pair was significantly lower than the proximal capitate–proximal lunate pairing. In three subjects, mean proximal capitate–proximal lunate distance was significantly lower. We conclude that the medial femoral trochlear flap was anatomically closer to the shape of the proximal lunate in the majority of the examined subjects. However, we found that in three out of ten cases, the proximal capitate was a better match.
- Kienböck’s disease
- medial femoral trochlea
- osteochondral free flap
- proximal row carpectomy
- three-dimensional morphometry