Dopamine and dobutamine have recently been shown to produce a negative interference in several biochemical tests that use peroxide and peroxidase to generate a chromophore. To define the chemical mechanism of this interference, we examined the effects of dopamine and dobutamine in various peroxidase-based biochemical tests. Dopamine interfered stoichiometrically with peroxidase-based tests that use 4-aminophenazone to form chromophore but interfered little in those that use other compounds to generate chromophore. Dopamine reacts with 4-aminophenazone in the presence of peroxide and peroxidase to form a novel quinone-imine dye, with a smaller absorptivity than the chromophore formed in the absence of dopamine. The smaller absorptivity of this novel chromophore results in negative interference by reducing the total absorbance at the wavelength used to measure analyte. In contrast, dobutamine interfered stoichiometrically with all peroxidase-based tests studied, regardless of whether 4-aminophenazone was used to form the chromophore. Dobutamine was rapidly oxidized by peroxide in the presence of peroxidase, thus depleting the peroxide necessary to generate chromophore. Dopamine and dobutamine demonstrate two distinct general mechanisms of interference in peroxidase-based biochemical tests.
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - Jan 31 1998|