Dopamine β-monooxygenase (DBM, E.C. 18.104.22.168) is an attractive target point for possible modulation of adrenergic activity, and a variety of DBM-targeted pseudosabstrates and inhibitors have been developed in this laboratory and other laboratories. We now demonstrate the efficacy of a DBM-targeted mechanism-based inactivator, as well as enzymatic processing of two alternate DBM substrates, within functional adrenal chromaffin cells. When cultured adrenal medullary chromaffin cells were incubated with the mecha nism-based inactivator 1-(4'-hydroxyphenyl)-1-(aminomethyl)-ethene (HOPAME), vesicular DBM activity was markedly decreased. Similarly, the alternate substrates 4'-hydroxyphenyl-2-aminoethyl sulfide and 4'-hydroxyphenyl-2-aminopropyl selenide each undergo uptake and DBM-catalyzed oxygenation within these cells. The simultaneous action of both the mechanism-based inactivator and an alternate substrate within functional chromaffin cells was also demonstrated. These results provide support for a direct mechanistic link between the enzymological properties of DBM-targeted adrenergic agents and their in-vivo pharmacological activities.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - Nov 12 1996|