Mechanism and function of DHHC S-acyltransferases

Maurine E. Linder, Benjamin C. Jennings

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

Protein S-palmitoylation is a reversible post-translational modification of proteins with fatty acids. In the last 5 years, improved proteomic methods have increased the number of proteins identified as substrates for palmitoylation from tens to hundreds. Palmitoylation regulates protein membrane interactions, activity, trafficking and stability and can be constitutive or regulated by signalling inputs. A family of PATs (protein acyltransferases) is responsible for modifying proteins with palmitate or other long-chain fatty acids on the cytoplasmic face of cellular membranes. PATs share a signature DHHC (Asp-His-His-Cys) cysteine-rich domain that is the catalytic centre of the enzyme. The biomedical importance of members of this family is underscored by their association with intellectual disability, Huntington's disease and cancer in humans, and raises the possibility of DHHC PATs as targets for therapeutic intervention. In the present paper, we discuss recent progress in understanding enzyme mechanism, regulation and substrate specificity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-34
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical Society transactions
Volume41
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2013

Keywords

  • DHHC
  • Fatty acylation
  • Palmitoylation
  • Protein acyltransferase
  • ZDHHC

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