@article{a7e6107076a6421db934374ad7f2970f,

title = "Measurement of long-range multiparticle azimuthal correlations with the subevent cumulant method in pp and p +Pb collisions with the ATLAS detector at the CERN Large Hadron Collider",

abstract = "A detailed study of multiparticle azimuthal correlations is presented using pp data at s=5.02 and 13 TeV, and p+Pb data at sNN=5.02 TeV, recorded with the ATLAS detector at the CERN Large Hadron Collider. The azimuthal correlations are probed using four-particle cumulants cn{4} and flow coefficients vn{4}=(-cn{4})1/4 for n=2 and 3, with the goal of extracting long-range multiparticle azimuthal correlation signals and suppressing the short-range correlations. The values of cn{4} are obtained as a function of the average number of charged particles per event, Nch, using the recently proposed two-subevent and three-subevent cumulant methods, and compared with results obtained with the standard cumulant method. The standard method is found to be strongly biased by short-range correlations, which originate mostly from jets with a positive contribution to cn{4}. The three-subevent method, on the other hand, is found to be least sensitive to short-range correlations. The three-subevent method gives a negative c2{4}, and therefore a well-defined v2{4}, nearly independent of Nch, which implies that the long-range multiparticle azimuthal correlations persist to events with low multiplicity. Furthermore, v2{4} is found to be smaller than the v2{2} measured using the two-particle correlation method, as expected for long-range collective behavior. Finally, the measured values of v2{4} and v2{2} are used to estimate the number of sources relevant for the initial eccentricity in the collision geometry. The results based on the subevent cumulant technique provide direct evidence, in small collision systems, for a long-range collectivity involving many particles distributed across a broad rapidity interval.",

author = "{ATLAS Collaboration} and M. Aaboud and G. Aad and B. Abbott and O. Abdinov and B. Abeloos and Abidi, {S. H.} and Abouzeid, {O. S.} and Abraham, {N. L.} and H. Abramowicz and H. Abreu and R. Abreu and Y. Abulaiti and Acharya, {B. S.} and S. Adachi and L. Adamczyk and J. Adelman and M. Adersberger and T. Adye and Affolder, {A. A.} and Y. Afik and T. Agatonovic-Jovin and C. Agheorghiesei and Aguilar-Saavedra, {J. A.} and Ahlen, {S. P.} and F. Ahmadov and G. Aielli and S. Akatsuka and H. Akerstedt and {\AA}kesson, {T. P.A.} and E. Akilli and Akimov, {A. V.} and Alberghi, {G. L.} and J. Albert and P. Albicocco and {Alconada Verzini}, {M. J.} and Alderweireldt, {S. C.} and M. Aleksa and Aleksandrov, {I. N.} and C. Alexa and G. Alexander and T. Alexopoulos and M. Alhroob and B. Ali and M. Aliev and G. Alimonti and J. Alison and Alkire, {S. P.} and Allbrooke, {B. M.M.} and Allen, {B. W.} and Allport, {P. P.} and A. Aloisio and A. Alonso and F. Alonso and C. Alpigiani and Alshehri, {A. A.} and Alstaty, {M. I.} and {Alvarez Gonzalez}, B. and {{\'A}lvarez Piqueras}, D. and Alviggi, {M. G.} and Amadio, {B. T.} and {Amaral Coutinho}, Y. and C. Amelung and D. Amidei and {Amor Dos Santos}, {S. P.} and S. Amoroso and G. Amundsen and C. Anastopoulos and Ancu, {L. S.} and N. Andari and T. Andeen and Anders, {C. F.} and Anders, {J. K.} and Anderson, {K. J.} and A. Andreazza and V. Andrei and S. Angelidakis and I. Angelozzi and A. Angerami and Anisenkov, {A. V.} and N. Anjos and A. Annovi and C. Antel and M. Antonelli and A. Antonov and Antrim, {D. J.} and F. Anulli and M. Aoki and {Aperio Bella}, L. and G. Arabidze and Y. Arai and Araque, {J. P.} and {Araujo Ferraz}, V. and Arce, {A. T.H.} and Ardell, {R. E.} and Arduh, {F. A.} and Arguin, {J. F.} and S. Argyropoulos and M. Arik and Armbruster, {A. J.} and Armitage, {L. J.} and O. Arnaez and H. Arnold and M. Arratia and O. Arslan and A. Artamonov and G. Artoni and S. Artz and S. Asai and N. Asbah and A. Ashkenazi and L. Asquith and K. Assamagan and R. Astalos and M. Atkinson and Atlay, {N. B.} and K. Augsten and G. Avolio and B. Axen and Ayoub, {M. K.} and G. Azuelos and Baas, {A. E.} and Baca, {M. J.} and H. Bachacou and K. Bachas and M. Backes and P. Bagnaia and M. Bahmani and H. Bahrasemani and Baines, {J. T.} and M. Bajic and Baker, {O. K.} and Bakker, {P. J.} and Baldin, {E. M.} and P. Balek and F. Balli and Balunas, {W. K.} and E. Banas and A. Bandyopadhyay and Sw Banerjee and Bannoura, {A. A.E.} and L. Barak and Barberio, {E. L.} and D. Barberis and M. Barbero and T. Barillari and Barisits, {M. S.} and Barkeloo, {J. T.} and T. Barklow and N. Barlow and Barnes, {S. L.} and Barnett, {B. M.} and Barnett, {R. M.} and Z. Barnovska-Blenessy and A. Baroncelli and G. Barone and Barr, {A. J.} and {Barranco Navarro}, L. and F. Barreiro and {Barreiro Guimar{\~a}es Da Costa}, J. and R. Bartoldus and Barton, {A. E.} and P. Bartos and A. Basalaev and A. Bassalat and Bates, {R. L.} and Batista, {S. J.} and Batley, {J. R.} and M. Battaglia and M. Bauce and F. Bauer and Bawa, {H. S.} and Beacham, {J. B.} and Beattie, {M. D.} and T. Beau and Beauchemin, {P. H.} and P. Bechtle and Beck, {H. P.} and Beck, {H. C.} and K. Becker and M. Becker and C. Becot and Beddall, {A. J.} and A. Beddall and Bednyakov, {V. A.} and M. Bedognetti and Bee, {C. P.} and Beermann, {T. A.} and M. Begalli and M. Begel and Behr, {J. K.} and Bell, {A. S.} and G. Bella and L. Bellagamba and A. Bellerive and M. Bellomo and K. Belotskiy and O. Beltramello and Belyaev, {N. L.} and O. Benary and X. Zhao",

note = "Publisher Copyright: {\textcopyright}2018 CERN, for the ATLAS Collaboration. Published by the American Physical Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license. Further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the published article's title, journal citation, and DOI. Funded by SCOAP.",

year = "2018",

month = feb,

day = "12",

doi = "10.1103/PhysRevC.97.024904",

language = "English",

volume = "97",

journal = "Physical Review C",

issn = "2469-9985",

number = "2",

}