Measurement and analysis of tissue temperature during microwave liver ablation

Deshan Yang, Mark C. Converse, David M. Mahvi, John G. Webster

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

167 Scopus citations


We measured tissue temperature changes during ex vivo microwave ablation (MWA) procedures for bovine liver tissue. Tissue temperature increased rapidly at the beginning of the MW power application. It came to a plateau at 100°C to 104°C before it increased again. We split the changes of tissue temperature versus time into four phases. This suggests that tissue temperature changes may be directly related to tissue water related phenomena during MWA, including evaporation, diffusion, condensation and tissue water composition. An additional analysis indicated the lesion boundary at ∼ 50°C to 60°C temperature. We also measured the water content of ablated tissue lesions and examined the relationship of tissue water content and tissue temperature by mapping temperature to remaining tissue water after ablation. The results demonstrate significant tissue water content changes and lead to a better understanding of tissue water movement.

Original languageEnglish
Article number20
Pages (from-to)150-155
Number of pages6
JournalIEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2007


  • Microwave liver ablation
  • Temperature monitoring
  • Water content


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