In order to investigate spatial variations in ventricular fibrillation (VF), activation rates during VF in pigs were estimated on a grid of 504 epicardial sites using the maximum entropy (ME) method. ME spectral estimates were obtained from unipolar electrograms recorded with a 21 × 24 array of epicardial electrodes (1 mm spacing) during electrically induced VF. The frequency associated with the most power in each ME spectrum was denoted the peak frequency (PFreq). We compared ME estimates of mean activation interval (1/PFreq) to mean activation intervals (MAI) obtained by picking the local minimum dV/dt. The Class III drug artilide was used to extend the range of activation rate. A significant positive correlation was found between 1/PFreq and MAI. ME estimates of 1/PFreq did not correlate better with MAI than previous estimates obtained using the Fast Fourier Transform. The spatial distribution of activation rate varied dynamically during the first 12 seconds of VF.
|Number of pages||2|
|Journal||Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology - Proceedings|
|State||Published - 1995|
|Event||Proceedings of the 1995 IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology 17th Annual Conference and 21st Canadian Medical and Biological Engineering Conference. Part 2 (of 2) - Montreal, Can|
Duration: Sep 20 1995 → Sep 23 1995