Mavacamten for Obstructive Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy With or Without Hypertension: Post-Hoc Analysis of the EXPLORER-HCM Trial

Andrew Wang, John A. Spertus, Daniel M. Wojdyla, Theodore P. Abraham, Ester Kim Nilles, Anjali Tiku Owens, Sara Saberi, Sharon Cresci, Amy Sehnert, Neal K. Lakdawala

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Hypertension (HTN) is common in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), but its effect on the treatment of left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction is undefined. Although elevated systolic blood pressure (SBP) may impact dynamic LVOT gradients, its response to cardiac myosin inhibition is unknown. Objectives: In a post hoc exploratory analysis of the EXPLORER-HCM trial (Clinical Study to Evaluate Mavacamten [MYK-461] in Adults With Symptomatic Obstructive Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy), the authors examined the characteristics of patients with obstructive HCM and HTN and the associations between HTN, SBP, and the response to mavacamten treatment of LVOT obstruction. Methods: Patients were stratified by baseline history of HTN and mean SBP during 30-week treatment with mavacamten or placebo. The study estimated treatment differences and evaluated HTN and SBP groups by treatment interaction. Analysis of covariance was used to model changes in continuous endpoints, and a generalized linear model was used for binary endpoints. Results: HTN was present in 119 of 251 patients (47.4%), including 60 receiving mavacamten and 59 receiving placebo. Patients with HTN vs no HTN were older (63.4 vs 54.0 years; P < 0.001), had higher SBP (134 ± 15.1 mm Hg vs 123 ± 13.8 mm Hg; P < 0.001), more comorbidities, and lower peak oxygen consumption (19 ± 3 vs 20 ± 4 mL/kg/min; P = 0.021). Patients with HTN had similar NYHA functional class (NYHA functional class II, 72% vs 73%), Valsalva LVOT gradients (72 ± 34 mm Hg vs 74 ± 30 mm Hg), Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire–Clinical Summary Scores (70.6 ± 18.8 vs 68.9 ± 23.1), and NT pro–B-type natriuretic peptide levels (geometric mean 632 ± 129 pg/mL vs 745 ± 130 pg/mL). Mavacamten-treated patients had improvement in all primary, secondary, and exploratory endpoints regardless of HTN status or mean SBP. Conclusions: The clinical benefits of mavacamten in symptomatic, obstructive HCM were similar in patients with and without HTN, despite differences in baseline characteristics.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJACC: Heart Failure
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2023

Keywords

  • hypertension
  • hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
  • mavacamten
  • myosin inhibitor
  • obstruction

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Mavacamten for Obstructive Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy With or Without Hypertension: Post-Hoc Analysis of the EXPLORER-HCM Trial'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this