Matrix metalloproteinases: Contribution to pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment of periodontal inflammation

Timo Sorsa, Leo Tjäderhane, Yrjö T. Konttinen, Anneli Lauhio, Tuula Salo, Hsi Ming Lee, Lorne M. Golub, David L. Brown, Päivi Mäntylä

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

397 Scopus citations

Abstract

Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) form a family of enzymes that mediate multiple functions both in the tissue destruction and immune responses related to periodontal inflammation. The expression and activity of MMPs in non-inflamed periodontium is low but is drastically enhanced to pathologically elevated levels due to the dental plaque and infection-induced periodontal inflammation. Soft and hard tissue destruction during periodontitis and peri-implantitis are thought to reflect a cascade of events involving bacterial virulence factors/enzymes, pro-inflammatory cytokines, reactive oxygen species and MMPs. However, recent studies suggest that MMPs can also exert anti-inflammatory effects in defence of the host by processing anti-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines, as well as by regulating apoptotic and immune responses. MMP-inhibitor (MMPI)-drugs, such as doxycycline, can be used as adjunctive medication to augment both the scaling and root planing-treatment of periodontitis locally and to reduce inflammation systematically. Furthermore, MMPs present in oral fluids (gingival crevicular fluid (GCF), peri-implant sulcular fluid (PISF), mouth-rinses and saliva) can be utilized to develop new non-invasive, chair/bed-side, point-of-care diagnostics for periodontitis and dental peri-implantitis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)306-321
Number of pages16
JournalAnnals of Medicine
Volume38
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Chair-side diagnostics
  • Doxycycline
  • Gingival crevicular fluid
  • Inflammation
  • Matrix metalloproteinase
  • Periodontal disease

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    Sorsa, T., Tjäderhane, L., Konttinen, Y. T., Lauhio, A., Salo, T., Lee, H. M., Golub, L. M., Brown, D. L., & Mäntylä, P. (2006). Matrix metalloproteinases: Contribution to pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment of periodontal inflammation. Annals of Medicine, 38(5), 306-321. https://doi.org/10.1080/07853890600800103