Maternal, obstetrical, and neonatal outcomes in celiac disease

Khaled Alsabbagh Alchirazi, Claire Jansson-Knodell, Yazan Abu-Omar, Mohammad Aldiabat, Andrew Ford, Ahmed Telbany, Thabet Qapaja, Osama Hamid, Osama Abu Shawer, Alberto Rubio-Tapia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: Some studies have suggested a link between celiac disease (CD) and adverse maternal, obstetrical, and neonatal outcomes. Using a large database, we evaluated the effect of CD on pregnancy outcomes. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) of all deliveries from 2015 to 2019 in the United States. Using ICD-10 codes, we identified pregnant patients who had CD and those who did not. A multivariate logistic regression was used to generate odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for maternal, obstetrical, and neonatal outcomes. Results: Of 12,039,222 deliveries between 2015 and 2019, there were 10,555 births in women with CD. Pregnant women with CD were more likely to be white and older compared to those without CD. Pregnant women with CD were significantly more likely to carry a diagnosis of gestational hypertension (OR 1.26; 95% CI 1.04–1.52), preeclampsia (1.28; 1.08–1.53), and severe preeclampsia (1.62; 1.25–2.09). They were less likely to have a full-term uncomplicated delivery (OR 0.11; 95% CI, 0.05–0.20), while being more likely to require device-assisted delivery (1.25; 1.04–1.50) and sustain 3rd or 4th degree vaginal lacerations (1.56; 1.21–2.02). Babies of pregnant women with CD were more likely to be small for gestational age (SGA) (OR 1.29; 95% CI 1.03–1.61). Conclusions: CD in pregnancy appears to be associated with increased adverse maternal, obstetrical, and neonatal outcomes. Clinicians should discuss these increased risks with CD patients who are planning to conceive.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)547-552
Number of pages6
JournalScandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume59
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2024

Keywords

  • Enteropathy
  • childbirth
  • maternal health
  • obstetric
  • women’s health

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