Maternal hyperglycemia alters glucose transport and utilization in mouse preimplantation embryos

Kelle H. Moley, Maggie M.Y. Chi, Mike M. Mueckler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

136 Scopus citations

Abstract

Glucose utilization was studied in preimplantation embryos from normal and diabetic mice. With use of ultramicrofluorometric enzyme assays, intraembryonic free glucose in single embryos recovered from control and streptozotocin-induced hyperglycemic mice was measured at 24, 48, 72, and 96 h after mating. Free glucose concentrations dropped significantly in diabetics at 48 and 96 h, corresponding to the two-cell and blastocyst stages (48 h: diabetic 0.23 ± 0.09 vs. control 2.30 ± 0.43 mmol/kg wet wt; P < 0.001; 96 h: diabetic 0.31 ± 0.29 vs. control 5.12 ± 0.17 mmol/kg wet wt; P < 0.001). Hexokinase activity was not significantly different in the same groups. Transport was then compared using nonradioactive 2-deoxyglucose uptake and microfluorometric enzyme assays. The 2-deoxyglucose uptake was significantly lower at both 48 and 96 h in embryos from diabetic vs. control mice (48 h diabetic, 0.037 ± 0.003; control, 0.091 ± 0.021 mmol·kg wet wt-1· 10 min-1, P < 0.05; 96 h diabetic, 0.249 ± 0.008; control, 0.389 ± 0.007 mmol ·kg wet wt-1·10 min-1, P < 0.02). When competitive quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was used, there was 44 and 68% reduction in the GLUT-1 mRNA at 48 h (P < 0.001) and 96 h (P < 0.05), respectively, in diabetic vs. control mice. GLUT-2 and GLUT-3 mRNA values were decreased 63 and 77%, respectively (P < 0.01, P < 0.01) at 96 h. Quantitative immunofluorescence microscopy demonstrated 49 ± 6 and 66 ± 4% less GLUT-1 protein at 48 and 96 h and 90 ± 5 and 84 ± 6% less GLUT-2 and - 3 protein, respectively, at 96 h in diabetic embryos. These findings suggest that, in response to a maternal diabetic state, preimplantation mouse embryos experience a decrease in glucose utilization directly related to a decrease in glucose transport at both the mRNA and protein levels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E38-E47
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume275
Issue number1 38-1
StatePublished - Jul 1 1998

Keywords

  • Cleavage-stage embryos
  • Glucose toxicity
  • Glucose transport downregulation
  • Maternal diabetes

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