Maternal assessment of physician qualification to give advice on AAP-recommended infant sleep practices related to SIDS

Lauren A. Smith, Eve R. Colson, Denis Rybin, Amy Margolis, Theodore Colton, George Lister, Michael J. Corwin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) strongly recommends the supine-only sleep position for infants and issued 2 more sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) reduction recommendations: avoid bed sharing and use pacifiers during sleep. In this study, we investigated the following: 1) if mothers from at risk populations rate physicians as qualified to give advice about sleep practices and 2) if these ratings were associated with reports of recommended practice. Methods: A cross-sectional survey of mothers (N=2355) of infants aged <8 months was conducted at Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) Program centers in 6 cities from 2006 to 2008. The predictor measures were maternal rating of physician qualification to give advice about 3 recommended sleep practices and reported nature of physician advice. The dependent measures were maternal report of usage of recommended behavior: 1) "infant usually placed supine for sleep," 2) "infant usually does not share a bed with an adult during sleep," and 3) "infant usually uses a pacifier during sleep." Results: Physician qualification ratings varied by topic: sleep position (80%), bed sharing (69%), and pacifier use (60%). High ratings of physician qualification were associated with maternal reports of recommended behavior: supine sleep (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] 2.1, 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.6-2.6); usually no bed sharing (AOR 1.5, 95% CI, 1.2-1.9), and usually use a pacifier during sleep (AOR 1.2, 95% CI, 1.0-1.5). Conclusions: High maternal ratings of physician qualification to give advice on 2 of the 3 recommended sleep practices targeted to reduce the risk of SIDS were significantly associated with maternal report of using these behaviors. Lower ratings of physician qualification to give advice about these sleep practices may undermine physician effectiveness in promoting the recommended behavior.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)383-388
Number of pages6
JournalAcademic Pediatrics
Volume10
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2010

Keywords

  • Back to Sleep campaign
  • Infant mortality disparities
  • Sleep position
  • Sudden infant death syndrome

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