Maternal β -hemolytic streptococcal pharyngeal exposure and colonization in pregnancy

Giv Heidari-Bateni, Anoop K. Brar, Matthew Hall, Trupti Hathcock, Deirdre Epstein, Lisa S. Goessling, Madeleine W. Cunningham, Pirooz Eghtesady

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2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives. To report the pharyngeal colonization rate of β-hemolytic streptococci and changes in the value of antistreptolysin O (ASO) and anti-DNase B serology titers during pregnancy. Methods. Healthy pregnant women were recruited and blood was drawn in each trimester. The upper limit of normal (ULN) values for ASO and anti-DNase B was calculated for each trimester. Throat swabs were collected for culture and positive cultures were further assessed for the identification of serogroup of the isolated β-hemolytic streptococcus. Results. Out of a total of 126 pregnant women, 34.1% had positive throat cultures. Group C and group G strains were isolated in 18.2% of throat cultures while group F was detected in 13.5% of cases. The rate of colonization with GAS was 1.6%. There was an overall drop in ASO titer during pregnancy while anti-DNase B titers remained relatively unchanged. ULN values of 164 IU, 157 IU, and 156 IU were calculated for ASO at the first, second, and third trimesters, respectively. Based on the ULN values, 28.6% of patients had recent streptococcal exposure. Conclusions. These results show that pregnant women act as a reservoir for spreading potentially immunogenic (groups C and G) and disease producing (group F) virulent strains of streptococci.

Original languageEnglish
Article number639141
JournalInfectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume2014
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

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