Mapping visual cortex in monkeys and humans using surface-based atlases

David C. Van Essen, James W. Lewis, Heather A. Drury, Nouchine Hadjikhani, Roger B.H. Tootell, Muge Bakircioglu, Michael I. Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

380 Scopus citations


We have used surface-based atlases of the cerebral cortex to analyze the functional organization of visual cortex in humans and macaque monkeys. The macaque atlas contains multiple partitioning schemes for visual cortex, including a probabilistic atlas of visual areas derived from a recent architectonic study, plus summary schemes that reflect a combination of physiological and anatomical evidence. The human atlas includes a probabilistic map of eight topographically organized visual areas recently mapped using functional MRI. To facilitate comparisons between species, we used surface-based warping to bring functional and geographic landmarks on the macaque map into register with corresponding landmarks on the human map. The results suggest that extrastriate visual cortex outside the known topographically organized areas is dramatically expanded in human compared to macaque cortex, particularly in the parietal lobe.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1359-1378
Number of pages20
JournalVision Research
Issue number10-11
StatePublished - 2001


  • Architectonic
  • Maps
  • Probabilistic
  • Visual areas
  • Visual topography


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