Mannose Conjugated Polymer Targeting P. aeruginosa Biofilms

Elaine Limqueco, Daniel Passos Da Silva, Courtney Reichhardt, Fang Yi Su, Debobrato Das, Jasmin Chen, Selvi Srinivasan, Anthony Convertine, Shawn J. Skerrett, Matthew R. Parsek, Patrick S. Stayton, Daniel M. Ratner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Biofilms are one of the most challenging obstacles in bacterial infections. By providing protection against immune responses and antibiotic therapies, biofilms enable chronic colonization and the development of antibiotic resistance. As previous clinical observations and studies have shown, traditional antibiotic therapy alone cannot effectively treat and eliminate biofilm forming infections due to the protection conferred by the biofilm. A new strategy specifically targeting biofilms must be developed. Here, we specifically target and bind to the PAO1 biofilm and elucidate the molecular mechanism behind the interaction between a glycan targeted polymer and biofilm using a continuous flow biofilm model. The incubation of biofilms with fluorescent glycan targeted polymers demonstrated strong and persistent interactions with the mannose-containing polymer even after 24 h of continuous flow. To evaluate the role of major biofilm proteins LecB and CdrA, loss of function experiments with knockout variants established the dual involvement of both proteins in mannose targeted polymer retention. These results identify a persistent and specific targeting strategy to the biofilm, emphasizing its potential value as a delivery strategy and encouraging further exploration of biofilm targeted delivery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2866-2871
Number of pages6
JournalACS Infectious Diseases
Volume6
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 13 2020

Keywords

  • Pseudomonas
  • biofilm
  • glycan
  • polymer
  • targeted delivery

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