Management of Peripheral T-cell Lymphomas and the Role of Transplant

Nicole C. Foley, Neha Mehta-Shah

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose of Review: Here, we review the management of peripheral T-cell lymphoma, particularly focusing on the role of autologous and allogeneic stem cell transplant. Recent Findings: Peripheral T-cell lymphomas are a rare subset of non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas that are treated with curative intent. While therapy has been based on other aggressive lymphoid malignancies, outcomes are generally poorer than B-cell lymphomas with 5-year overall and progression-free survival of 30–40% and 20–30%, respectively. In effort to improve outcomes, transplant has been used in both the frontline and salvage settings. Although not studied in randomized studies, consolidation with autologous stem cell transplant in first remission has been associated with an approximate 5-year overall survival of 50–60% and 5-year progression-free survival of 40–45%. Unfortunately, most patients relapse, and, in this setting, allogeneic transplant remains the only curative option for those who are transplant-eligible. Multiple series have now shown that 3-year overall survival with allogeneic transplant is approximately 60%. However, outcomes with transplant are associated with disease control at the time of transplant. Summary: In contrast to B-cell malignancies, treatment decisions for peripheral T-cell lymphomas are supported mostly by phase II studies, retrospective series, and expert opinion. For patients with peripheral T-cell lymphoma able to achieve sufficient disease control, autologous stem cell transplantation in first remission and allogeneic stem cell transplantation in relapsed disease offer modest benefit over chemotherapy alone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1489-1499
Number of pages11
JournalCurrent oncology reports
Volume24
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2022

Keywords

  • Allogeneic
  • Anaplastic large cell
  • Anaplastic lymphoma kinase
  • Angioimmunoblastic
  • Autologous
  • Brentuximab vedotin
  • Follicular T-cell lymphoma
  • Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
  • PTCL-NOS
  • Peripheral T-cell lymphoma

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