Management of neuromas

Adam J. Vernadakis, Horst Koch, Susan E. Mackinnon

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

112 Scopus citations

Abstract

After nerve injury and regeneration, significant pain may be associated with the scar and altered sensation observed within the distribution of the injured nerve. A bulbous swelling may form at the severed nerve end, constituting a traumatic neuroma. The development of a painful neuroma may be more disabling to the patient than an area of anesthesia or even loss of motor function. Effective treatment of the painful neuroma remains a difficult problem. Diminished productivity, alterations in patient lifestyle, and possible progression to chronic pain syndromes must be considered within the scope of neuroma management, and treatment must focus on alleviating the pain and restoring the functional loss caused by the nerve injury. Careful patient selection is the cornerstone of successful outcomes. Once the patient has been selected, the surgical management of the painful neuroma throughout the body is based on basic principles that vary only slightly from region to region. Using these tenets, a neuroma management algorithm has been developed based on the pathophysio-logy of the neuroma, the results of experimental studies, review of patient outcomes, and understanding the psychology of pain in the surgical patient.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)247-268
Number of pages22
JournalClinics in Plastic Surgery
Volume30
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2003

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