Management of intracranial melanomas in the era of precision medicine

Grace J. Young, Wenya Linda Bi, Winona W. Wu, Tanner M. Johanns, Gavin P. Dunn, Ian F. Dunn

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Melanoma is the most lethal of skin cancers, in part because of its proclivity for rapid and distant metastasis. It is also potentially the most neurotropic cancer in terms of probability of CNS metastasis from the primary lesion. Despite surgical resection and radiotherapy, prognosis remains guarded for patients with brain metastases. Over the past five years, a new domain of personalized therapy has emerged for advanced melanoma patients with the introduction of BRAF and other MAP kinase pathway inhibitors, immunotherapy, and combinatory therapeutic strategies. By targeting critical cellular signaling pathways and unleashing the adaptive immune response against tumor antigens, a subset of melanoma patients have demonstrated remarkable responses to these treatments. Over time, acquired resistance to these modalities inexorably develops, providing new challenges to overcome. We review the rapidly evolving terrain for intracranial melanoma treatment, address likely and potential mechanisms of resistance, as well as evaluate promising future therapeutic approaches currently under clinical investigation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89326-89347
Number of pages22
JournalOncotarget
Volume8
Issue number51
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Anti-PD1
  • BRAF inhibition
  • Immunotherapy
  • Intracranial melanoma
  • Targeted therapy

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