PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this article is to review the recently published studies addressing various treatment approaches for asthma in preschool children. RECENT FINDINGS: The heterogeneity of wheezing in the preschool years complicates the study of asthma in this age group. Once children at highest risk for persistence of wheezing are identified, various management strategies may be thoroughly studied. Several recent studies have confirmed the efficacy and safety of both inhaled corticosteroids and leukotriene receptor antagonists in the management of early childhood asthma. In addition to examining clinical efficacy, studies investigating the effects of these treatment modalities on the underlying airway inflammation have recently increased in number and quality and confirm the anti-inflammatory actions of these therapeutic strategies in the preschool child with asthma. SUMMARY: Evidence for the preferred treatment strategies for persistent asthma in young children remains incomplete. Based on the current body of evidence, there is rationale for further investigation of these management strategies, including direct comparisons between inhaled corticosteroids and leukotriene receptor antagonists, as well as the role of long-acting β-agonists, potentially targeting the subpopulations of early childhood with wheezing who are at highest risk for persistence of asthma symptoms.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Current opinion in allergy and clinical immunology|
|State||Published - Apr 2008|
- Inhaled corticosteroids
- Leukotriene receptor antagonists
- Preschool children