PURPOSE: To evaluate the usefulness of flexible covered stents for treatment of acute colorectal obstruction secondary to malignant colorectal carcinoma. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty patients with acute colorectal obstruction secondary to malignant colorectal carcinoma were treated by means of intubation of a flexible stent with fluoroscopic guidance with occasional endoscopic assistance. Two types of stents were placed (type 1, completely covered; type 2, two-thirds of proximal part uncovered). Of 15 patients with primary colorectal carcinoma, 12 underwent placement of a stent for presurgical decompression of colorectal obstruction; three, for palliative decompression. In tree patients with rectosigmoid seeding from advanced gastric carcinoma and two patients with recurrent colonic carcinoma, stents were placed for palliative decompression. RESULTS: Stent placement was successful in 18 (90%) of 20 patients. Symptoms of obstruction resolved within 24 hours in 15 (75%) patients. Eight patients underwent elective single-stage surgery without complications 5-7 days after stent placement. Two patients underwent tumor resection and colostomy. In eight patients, stents provided palliative decompression of the colon. Type 1 stents migrated in four (50%) of eight patients; type 2 stents were used thereafter. CONCLUSION: Flexible stents effectively relieved acute colonic obstruction secondary to malignant rectosigmoid neoplasm. Stent placement allowed patients to undergo single-stage surgery in most cases and provided palliative decompression in cases of inoperable or disseminated disease.
- Colon, interventional procedure
- Colon, neoplasms
- Colon, stenosis or obstruction
- Rectum, interventional procedure
- Rectum, neoplasms
- Rectum, stenosis or obstruction
- Stents and prostheses