Male pattern baldness and risk of colorectal neoplasia

N. Keum, Y. Cao, D. H. Lee, S. M. Park, B. Rosner, C. S. Fuchs, K. Wu, E. L. Giovannucci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background:Male pattern baldness is positively associated with androgens as well as insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) and insulin, all of which are implicated in pathogenesis of colorectal neoplasia.Methods:From 1992 through 2010, we prospectively followed participants in the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study. Hair pattern at age 45 years was assessed at baseline with five image categories (no baldness, frontal-only baldness, frontal-plus-mild-vertex baldness, frontal-plus-moderate-vertex baldness, and frontal-plus-severe-vertex baldness). Cancer analysis included 32 782 men and used Cox proportional hazards models to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Restricted to men who underwent at least one endoscopy over the study period, adenoma analysis included 29 770 men and used logistic regressions for clustered data to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% CIs.Results:Over the mean follow-up of 15.6 years, 710 cases of colorectal cancer (478 for colon, 152 for rectum, and 80 unknown site) developed. Significantly increased risks associated with frontal-only baldness and frontal-plus-mild-vertex baldness relative to no baldness were observed for colon cancer with respective HR being 1.29 (95% CI, 1.03-1.62) and 1.31 (95% CI, 1.01-1.70). Over the 19-year study period, 3526 cases of colorectal adenoma were detected. Evidence for an increased risk of colorectal adenoma relative to no baldness was significant with frontal-only baldness (OR, 1.16; 95% CI, 1.06-1.26) and borderline insignificant with frontal-plus-severe-vertex baldness (OR, 1.14; 95% CI, 0.98-1.33).Conclusions:Subtypes of male pattern baldness at age 45 years were positively associated with colorectal neoplasia. Future studies are warranted to confirm our results and to determine the predictive value of male pattern baldness to identify those at high risk for colorectal neoplasia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)110-117
Number of pages8
JournalBritish Journal of Cancer
Volume114
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 12 2016

Keywords

  • colorectal adenoma
  • colorectal cancer
  • colorectal neoplasia
  • frontal-only baldness
  • frontal-plus-mild-vertex baldness
  • frontal-plus-moderate-vertex baldness
  • frontal-plus-severe-vertex baldness
  • male pattern baldness

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