Background: There is no standard first line treatment for mantle cell lymphoma. Patients and methods: This was a multicenter phase II pilot study of rituximab and modified hyper-fractionated cyclophosphamide, vincristine doxorubicin, dexamethasone (modified R-hyperCVAD) administered every 28 days for four to six cycles followed by rituximab maintenance therapy consisting of four weekly doses every 6 months for 2 years. Unlike traditional hyperCVAD regimens, no methotrexate or cytarabine was administered. Results: Of 22 patients, the overall response rate was 77% and the complete response rate was 64%. With a median follow-up time of 37 months in surviving patients, the median PFS was 37 months and the median OS was not reached. The achievement of a molecular remission did not correlate with improved outcome. The major toxicity was expected myelosuppression. Two patients died during induction treatment. There were no major adverse effects during maintenance therapy. Conclusion: In a multicenter trial, modified R-hyperCVAD was tolerable and effective induction therapy for untreated MCL. Maintenance rituximab appeared to prolong PFS without increasing toxicity.
- Biologic therapy
- Mantle cell lymphoma